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1895 Kellys - Wing extract

Original directory available at Ancestry

WING (or Wenge) is a parish and large village, 3 miles south-west from Leighton Buzzard station on the main line of the London and North Western railway, in the Mid division of the county, hundred of Cottesloe, Linsdale petty sessional division, union and county court district of Leighton Buzzard (Beds), rural deanery of Ivinghoe, archdeaconry of Buckingham and diocese of Oxford. In former days Wing was a place of some importance; in the year 1255 a charter was granted to Peter de Warren by Henry III for a market every Thursday and a fair for three days at Michaelmas.

The church of All Saints is an interesting edifice of stone in mixed styles, consisting of apsidal chancel, clerestoried nave, aisles, north and south porches, and an embattled western tower containing a clock and 6 bells: the church is reputed to contain Saxon work, a view which has been supported by the late Sir Gilbert Scott kt. R.A. who particularly instanced as examples the semi-circular arcades, or rather arched perforations in the walls and the construction of the chancel arch: the most interesting feature in the church is its apsidal polygonal chancel, which is considerably elevated above the nave, and has beneath it a crypt of rude construction about eight feet in height: an arcade runs round the outside of the apse, considered by some authorities to be also Saxon work, perhaps of the 11th century; the windows are much later; the nave appears to be chiefly of Norman date and has arcades of massive arches dividing it from the aisles; there are some good Early Decorated windows and a north doorway of that period, but the tower, font and south porch are Perpendicular; the base of a Norman font may be seen in the south porch.

There are monuments to the family of Fynes, from 1686 to 1758, including one to Mrs. Margaret Fynes, said to be the work of Roubiliac, and several costly memorials to the Dormers, with others ranging from 1542 to 1729; these include a fine altar tomb of marble, with twelve rhymed couplets and Corinthian columns supporting a cornice with a shield of arms, to Sir Robert Dormer kt. ob. 1552, around which, until 1850, were two large pews with baluster screens; there is another altar tomb with recumbent effigies of marble, partly gilt, under a canopy, supported by columns of Sicilian jasper, with marble caps and adorned with five shields of arms, to Sir William Dormer K.B. ob. 17th May, 1575, and Dorothy (Catesby), his second wife; there are also brasses to Harry Blacknall, 1460, and Agnes, his wife, 1489 and others with effigies to Tankerville Fynes, without date; John Theede, 1622; and Thomas Cotes,"porter at Ascott Hall," 1648; and in the church are also memorials to the families of Redman, 1699-1722; and Bell, 1721-38; to Mrs. Bridgett Neale, 1677; William Theed, gent. and Stephen Welch, vicar, 1774: in 1850 the church was completely restored by the late Sir G. Gilbert Scott R.A. at a cost of 1,476 and again in 1893 at a cost of 1,700, and affords 300 sittings: in the churchyard are remains of a stone cross.

The register dates from the year 1546, and is perfect from that date; there is also an ancient book of churchwardens' accounts with an inventory of church goods, 1527. The living is a vicarage, average tithe rent-charge 46, net yearly value 320, with 220 acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of Lord Wantage K.C.B., V.C. and held since 1890 by the Rev. Francis Henry Tatham M.A. of Trinity College, Cambridge, who is also rural dean of Ivinghoe, and rector of Grove. The Wesleyan chapel, built in 1864, will seat 350 persons; the Primitive Methodist chapel, built in 1847, has 200 sittings. Dormer's Hospital, founded in 1562 by Dame Dorothy Pelham, for 8 men and women, is endowed with land, and money invested in Consols now (1895) producing a total gross income of 86 yearly. William Robinson's charity is a perpetual rent-charge on land at Burcot, of 2 a year for clothing; Lady Carnarvon and William Hoare's charity, arising from the rent of a field of about six acres at Burcot, now let for 36 a year is for clothing and blankets; William Dent's of 59 in Consols, is distributed in clothing; Robert Shepherd's, a rent-charge of 6 6s. 8d. arising from land in the parish of Edlesborough, of which 1 a year is paid to the vicar for catechising the children, and 10s. to the vicar of Leighton Buzzard for a sermon on Ascension day, the surplus, if any, is distributed in penny loaves to twenty children attending the church weekly; there is also the Fuel Allotment Charity, consisting of about 7 a year, arising from 268 9s. 1d. 2 per Cent. Consols and distributed annually in coals; the Church Land Charity, of about 268 in Consols, derived from the sale of about three acres of land in the parish of Mentmore, which yields over 14 yearly, paid to the churchwardens, and a sum of about 15 arising from Pratt's charity at Wingrave, which is distributed amongst the poor at the discretion of the trustees.

Wing lodge, the residence of the Earl of Orkney, near the church and erected in 1874, is a mansion of white brick in the French style, with gables and abutments of dark brick and highly finished. Charlotte Cottage, built in 1886 and supported by Leopold de Rothschild esq. is a hospital for the sick poor of the village, and has two beds; Mrs. James, lady superintendent. Lord Wantage K.C.B., V.C. who is lord of the manor, and the Earl of Rosebery K.G., P.C. are the principal landowners of Wing proper. The soil is various, clay, sand, gravel and loam; subsoil, clay. The crops are hay, wheat, beans, barley, oats and roots. The area is 5,310 acres; rateable value, 10,595 12s 6d; the population in 1891 was 1,799.

Ascott is a. hamlet half a mile east. Ascott Park, the winter residence of Leopold de Rothschild esq. D.L., J.P. is a Jacobean structure of brick and timber dating from 1606, and was originally a farm house, but was restored and enlarged about 1874, and again in 1880, 1887 and 1893 and is now a considerable mansion. Lord Rothschild's kennels and hunting stables, originally at Mentmore, have been transferred to Ascott: these staghounds meet on Monday and Thursday. Aylesbury and Leighton Buzzard are convenient towns for hunting visitors. The old Hall has now wholly disappeared, but some traces of the fish ponds and moat still remain. In the latter part of the 12th century there existed here a cell of Benedictine monks founded by the Empress Maud and attached to the Abbey of St. Nicholas of Angers; it was afterwards granted by Henry V. to the priory of St. Mary de la Pre, near St. Albans. Lord Wantage K.C.B., V.C. who is lord of the manor, and Leopold de Rothschold esq. are the principal landowners.

Burcot is a hamlet one mile north. Lord Wantage, who is lord of the manor, and Leopold de Rothschild esq. and Fynes Clinton esq. are the principal landowners.

Crafton is a hamlet, two miles south, and has a Primitive Methodist chapel, built in 1893. Lord Wantage who is lord of the manor, and the Earl of Rosebery K.G., P.C. are the principal landowners. The Earl has a breeding stud here.

Littleworth is a hamlet half a mile north, and has a Congregational Union chapel, built in 1854 and rebuilt in 1871, with 140 sittings. Lord Wantage, who is lord of the manor, and Mr. Philip Hart are the chief landowners.

Parish Clerk, John Windmill.

Post, M.O., T.0., S.B., Express Delivery, & Annuity & Insurance Office.- George Cleaver, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive through Leighton Buzzard at 7.35 a.m.; dispatched at 6.45 p.m. week days; sundays arrive at 8 a.m.; dispatched 9 a.m

Wall Letter Box, Burcot, cleared at 6.30 p.m. week days &; 9 a.m. sundays

Parochial School, Wing, erected by the late Lord Overstone in 1850, for 300 children, and enlarged during the period 1885-90; average attendance, 108 boys, 110 girls & 130 infants; William Peters Paddock A.C.P., master; Mrs. Ellen Allder, mistress; Miss Nellie Woods, infants mistress

Carriers-George Page, to Leighton Buzzard, daily; Mrs Lovell, to Leighton Buzzard, tues. thurs. & sat.; Reuben Syratt, to Aylesbury, wed. & sat. to Leighton Buzzard on tues

Residents

Biggs William James Rose cottage
Cole Rev. Alex. B.F., B.A. Vicarage
Heley James William Hollybank
Heley Thomas Somes The Chestnuts
Orkney Earl of, J.P. Wing lodge
Tatham Rev. Fras. Hy. M.A Vicarage

Commercial

Adams Jas sub-agt. to Lord Wantage
Avery Wm. farm bailiff to Mrs. Fountaine, Lower Wingbury
Bandy William shopkeeper
Biggs Edward & William corn dealers
Bone William licensed hawker
Brand Joseph boot maker
Carter John carter & shopkeeper
Chappel Jane (Mrs.) machinist
Claridge Henry tailor
Cleaver Ernest grocer & draper
Cleaver George registrar of births & deaths for Wing district, assistant overseer & parish surveyor, Post off
Denchfield Seth carpenter & machinist
Dimmock John hair dresser
Foster Henry (Mrs.) blacksmith
Gates Baron Frederick John grazier, Wing Park farm
Gates Baron Jn. frmr. Up. Wingbury
Gates B.J. bricklayer, Vicarage lane
Ginger Thomas butcher
Hedges Thomas & Frederick farmers, Cottesloe
Hammerton John builder & decorator
Hart Philip estate agent & auctioneer & land agent to Leopold de Rothschild. esq. J.P. Moor Hills
Heley Brothers corn & cake merchants
Heley Thomas Somes corn merchant & miller (steam)
Hounslow George chimney sweeper
Johnson Joseph shopkeeper
Jordan George general dealer
Jordan Henry licensed hawker
Langley Henry baker
Mallett Thomas baker
Mallett W. baker
Manning Wm. farmer, West Park frm
Mortimer Charles farmer, Cottesloe
Osgood William James Cock inn P.H.
Page George carrier & hair cutter
Page George, jun. mealman
Page Wm. jun. butcher & dealer
Pollard Andrew blacksmith
Pollard Jsph Andrew farrier, Holly hill
Prentice George skin dealer
Randall Henry shopkeeper
Redrup John wheelwright
Rogers Henry butcher
Rogers Joseph Charles baker
Shipley - Queen's Head P.H.
Stevens Charles Dove inn
Taylor Henry grocer
Tearle Levi blacksmith
Underwood Geo. farmr. Old Park frm
Whitman Edward grocer &c
Windmill John farmer, Vicarage farm
Woolhead Joseph draper

Ascott

Rothschild Leopold de D.L., J.P. Ascott park
Gaskin Wm. 1st whip to Lord Rothschild. The Kennels
Howcutt Mark huntsman to Lord Rothschild, The Kennels
Jennings John head gardener to Leopold de Rothschild esq.
Mould William stud groom to Leopold de Rothschild esq.
Prentice John farmer, Waterloo farm
Watson William farm baliff to Leopold de Rothschild esq. Ascott farm

Burcot

Cotes Charles J.P. Burcot cottage
Adams Herbert Walter farmer
Biggs Edward & William farmers
Faulkner John baker
Heley Arth. Somes, jun. Burcot Hall fm
Syratt Reuben Six Bells P.H. & carrier
Vallentine Robert. farmer, Burcot lo

Crafton

Bliss John John
Collins William dairy farmer
Griffith Joseph master of Earl of Rosebery's breeding stud establishment

Littleworth

Holbrow William house steward to Leopold de Rothschild
Pinfold - Sportsman's Arms P.H.
Page William butcher
Webster & Cannon brick makers